Hair-grooming for both men and women has been an integral part of better appearance and as a form of making a fashion statement. Film stars and sportspersons have personally indulged in hair up-keep in the best form apart from participating in advertisements and market promotion activities for several branded coloring agents. The practice of hair dyeing originally started mostly for the reasons of covering the graying hair either due to age or due to some physical complications. Gradually, a whole gamut of colors with the help of Hair Color Generator has been employed to color the hair – primarily for matching with the outfit or just creating a trend.
Hair dyeing is a very ancient art. It involves the treatment of hair with different chemical compounds by applying directly on the head through different methods. In the current fashion world, hair-coloring is the most prevailing trend and immensely popular. A survey records that over 75% of the American women tend to dye their hair. Not only a whole wide range of colors are used – a modern trend uses several colors on one individual to produce streaks or gradations either on top of the natural color or on top of a single base color. These methods are known as highlighting (using lighteners, to create blonde streaks) and lowlighting (sections of hair are treated with darker colors).
a) Foiling -> pieces of foil or plastic film are used to separate off the hair to be colored. This is done especially when applying more than one color.
b) Cap, -> a plastic cap is placed tight on the head and strands are pulled through with a hook.
c) Balayage, tipping, or dip-dyeing -> hair color is painted directly onto sections of the hair with no foils used to keep the color contained.
These 4 application techniques can be used with any type of color. For highlights, the hair will sometimes have to be bleached before coloring.
Types of hair coloring
Most popular method. Permanent hair coloring is achieved through the use of oxidation dyes. The ingredients of these products include 1,4-diaminobenzene (old style) or 2,5-diaminotoluene (modern style), a coupling agent, and an oxidant. The process is typically performed under basic conditions. The 3 stages are – oxidation of the derivative, reaction with a coupler, and oxidation of the resu;lting compound to give the final dye.
Also known as ‘deposit only’. It contains an alkaline agent other than ammonia. It is less damaging to the hair as compared to permanent dyeing.
This has smaller molecules than temporary dyes. It partially penetrates the hair shaft. For this reason, the color will survive repeated washing. Semi-permanents contain no, or very low levels of developer, peroxide or ammonia. Thus, they are safer for damaged or fragile hair.
• Temporary hair color
Temporary hair color is available in various forms including rinses, shampoos, gels, sprays, and foams. They are typically brighter and more vibrant than semi-permanent and permanent Hair Color. This is applied for special occasions such as costume parties and Halloween.
Adverse effects of hair coloring
a) Temporary skin irritation and allergy
b) Hair breakage
c) Skin discoloration
d) Unexpected hair color results
There are a few minor health concerns as well.
Hair color generators have become integral parts of the fashion trend. Despite some known adverse effects, they continue to be popular.